What Can a Health Coach Legally Do?

What Can a Health Coach Legally Do?

Health coaches are professionals who guide and support individuals to achieve their health and wellness objectives. They serve as a supportive mentor, helping clients set and achieve health goals while fostering healthier behaviors. 

As a health coach, you should know how to put legal disclaimers on a coaching website and in contracts. You can create a dedicated ‘Disclaimer’ page linked from the site's main navigation bar or add the information to a footer. Be sure the text is clear and easily readable.

Don’t forget to draft a well-written, legally binding contract. If you are wondering where you can get a coaching agreement contract written, you can simply utilize The Contract Shop’s legal templates for coaches. Far from a mere formality, a contract lays the groundwork for clear expectations, professionalism, and trust between you and your clients.

Scope of Practice

The scope of practice for a health coach defines the specific areas where they can offer guidance and support. It's critical to recognize your responsibilities and limitations. 

Here are the things health coaches can legally provide clients:

Nutrition Guidance 

A health coach can offer general advice about nutrition and healthy eating habits. They can suggest types of foods that might benefit an individual's health or ways to incorporate better nutrition into daily routines. 

However, it's essential to differentiate this from the specific, medically tailored diets a doctor or registered dietitian might suggest. Health coaches provide insights based on general wellness principles rather than medical necessities.

Exercise Recommendations 

While health coaches can suggest types of exercises and explain the benefits of maintaining an active lifestyle, their role is more about guidance and encouragement than crafting specialized workout regimes. Their advice tends to be broader, focusing on the importance of regular physical activity rather than detailed, personalized training plans.

Emotional and Mental Support

A health coach can be instrumental in encouraging a positive mindset and assisting clients in cultivating healthy behaviors. They might share techniques for stress reduction or strategies to overcome motivational barriers. However, they aren't equipped or licensed to provide therapy or address deeper psychological issues that require a trained counselor or therapist's expertise.

Accountability Partner 

One of the main roles a health coach plays is acting as an accountability partner. By scheduling regular check-ins, setting up benchmarks, and celebrating successes, they help clients stay motivated and on track toward their health goals. This partnership is about mutual respect and understanding, fostering a positive and constructive relationship.


Health coaches teach clients about healthy habits, basic nutritional concepts, and general lifestyle improvements. Their goal is to provide clients with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions about their health rather than relying solely on the coach's guidance. This makes clients feel empowered and knowledgeable about their wellness journey.

Tips for Health Coaches 

Navigating the legal aspects of health coaching requires an understanding beyond the coach's capabilities. They must refrain from diagnosing medical conditions or prescribing treatments because these actions require medical licenses. 

Prescribing supplements or medications is also beyond their scope of expertise and must be avoided. Health coaches should be cautious not to overstep into territories reserved for licensed professionals, such as physicians, dietitians, therapists, or personal trainers. 

The relationships with clients must be managed carefully, ensuring that emotional boundaries are respected and the coach does not inadvertently slip into the role of a therapist or counselor. Making promises or guarantees about specific health outcomes can lead to legal complications because they might be interpreted as warranties or representations.

To thrive as a health coach, it's crucial to stay updated with the latest research, regularly attend relevant seminars, and embrace continuous learning. If a client needs specialized assistance, don't hesitate to collaborate with or refer them to licensed professionals.

It's also a good practice to have professional liability insurance as a protective measure–and remember, while providing guidance, it’s important to clarify that your advice stems from general wellness principles and isn't a replacement for specific medical advice.

Are you a health coach needing help crafting your own legal contract? The Contract Shop® provides specialized templates and contracts tailored to your needs!

Kevin Gallagher
Kevin Gallagher

Kevin Gallagher is the CEO of The Contract Shop®, a contract template store for creative entrepreneurs, freelancers, coaches, and more. His background is in helping online businesses grow, having previously worked at Allbirds managing part of their operations. He is proud to report that his digital artist wife Mandy is a happy customer of The Contract Shop®, and his main motivation is to help as many people like her as possible with the tools that they need to confidently manage their businesses.

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